Engel emphasises that otherness is always based in socio-political hierarchies and power structures as well as personal experience. To them, it is implied, both their actions carry the same meaning, the same impact or authority. Their relationship is depicted in a way that presents them as two parts of a whole; together they form a single unit: the Lovers.
Their physical characteristics are never described, but several passages note that they find out early in their relationship that they are sexually incompatible:. Spoil her just enough that no other will want her. Achieving change calls for the integration of subcultures and for dealing with difference and otherness in a respectful way.
She is a regular reviewer for Strange Horizons. Engel thus explicitly stresses the potential of queer politics to further social change cf. Engel Engel stresses the potential of queer politics to further social change. The contraption is a bit like a heavy steampunk wheelchair that Angevine can never leave, that is part of her, and that she has to feed with coal to stay mobile.
However, this is presented in the context of a novel whose crucial element is the notion that foreign concepts can be integrated into one's world-view, thus bringing cultures closer together. It is not always connected to social relations either, since it is also a factor in individual processes of self-identification. Engel's proposed aims are to encourage the development of dynamic power relationships and to find forms of communication that are not based on structural authority, privilege and violence Engel 6.
John Harrison's Kefahuchi Tract trilogy. We shared beds but fairly quickly we gave up on sex. Until the day that he decided that she was his entirely, and with a kind of clumsy bravado, he drew his knife after coitus and cut her face. However, this static power relationship clashes with their dynamic nature and thus breaks apart as outside factors gain more importance to the female Lover and pique her ambition.
Moreover, difference and paradox are part of a person's identity. Misrepresentation or non-representation are problematic for the concerned groups and individuals as well as furthering misunderstanding, prejudice and violence Engel It may be useful to add that in Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination Toni Morrison also mentions the hidden mechanisms of power. Skip to content. Sexuality is not an isolated concept. Notify me of new posts by email.
He courted the newcomer and quickly claimed her, with the masculine assertiveness he had been trained into. We are never talking about rigid systems, but about dynamics of power. Their physical characteristics are never described, but several passages note that they find out early in their relationship that they are sexually incompatible: We stumbled off after a while and spent a night and a day trying to enjoy sex together, sleeping, trying again, several times, with good-humoured lack of success.
In a social context gender and sexuality play different but related roles in the creation of normative identity processes, the establishment of boundaries, exclusions and hierarchies. Sexual diversity is a fluid, ambiguous concept including sexual orientation, various forms of relationships e. Differences are presented as dynamic processes of differentiation which reconfigure modes of being as moments in a sustained process of becoming, thus creating space for diversity, multiplicity, ambiguity and undefined difference.
In the novels Railsea and Embassytown , for instance, marriage and other relationships are presented as non-exclusive, negotiable and dynamic, as life, identity and desire are dynamic processes. Queerversity's explicit aim is to render power conflicts transparent, so that hierarchies can be levelled, while at the same time acknowledging that difference is always more than, and different from, defined, classifiable, regulatable positions of identity and difference cf.
This family with a mother and two fathers is not presented as the norm, but shown as a functioning family that is not questioned by outsiders. Sham himself was raised by two men cf. Maalouf Interrelations of body, desire, imagination including fear and norm are not governed by rules or automatisms. On the boss's island, a man who loves strongly enough will cut his woman's face. We can never really know or understand the Other cf.
Heteronormativity and hierarchisation are pointed out as the complex, historically based and dynamic basis of all social constructs of difference. Even though the characters emphasise that this is what they both want before they kiss cf. Their relationship, with Shekel slowly overcoming his own trauma and prejudice, is all about transitions, and about finding creative ways to accommodate everyone's needs and desires cf. Your email address will not be published.
After that, the Lovers give each other mirrored cuts every time they have sex. We never gain an inside perspective, only a statement that shows that outsiders cannot understand this mode of sexuality or compare it to anything from their own experience cf. Rather than demanding the integration of minorities, VerUneindeutigung problematises the mechanisms of the dominant order. Still, Avice and Scile get married and are depicted as a happy couple until their political interests radically diverge.
Thus, Engel advocates an active approach to diversity rather than "the artificial, pseudo-scientific or legal establishment of a generalized order" Engel 1. Engel 2. However, all three advocate creating a space for curiosity and dissonance, for dynamic power relations as well as the renegotiation of desires, values, norms, practices, and non-normative types of relationships. The Believer , June Antke Engel "Queerversity und die Strategie der VerUneindeutigung: Sexuelle Vielfalt als Prinzip für die Arbeit in Institutionen".
For some sexuality is connected to desire, for others to various concepts of love. They act like one person and define themselves by this role they have taken on.
Moreover, when a retainer reveals the story of their relationship, we realise it is a story of defiance turned fetish, which emphasises the interrelations of sexuality and power:. Engel states that biological sex, gender, cultural background, education, class, physical and mental ability, religion and spirituality and other factors contribute to the development of various sexualities Engel 1.
Toni Morrison Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination. He goes to find their children, at home with their other father, their mother's other husband, a stay-at-home dad. She stresses that romanticisation is as dangerous a misrepresentation as generalised, stereotypical depictions. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Like other factors of identity, sexuality is performative, dynamic and heterogeneous cf.
Most references to either character in the novel only mention "the Lover," only occasionally specifying whether it is the man or the woman who acts or speaks. Sign me up for the newsletter. For example, Ori's off-and-on sexual relationship with, and unrequited desire for, Judah in Iron Council is presented as a love story.
Moreover, when a retainer reveals the story of their relationship, we realise it is a story of defiance turned fetish, which emphasises the interrelations of sexuality and power: On the boss's island, a man who loves strongly enough will cut his woman's face. They should not be respected in spite of , but because of, who they are. According to Engel, hegemonic power uses symbolic and normative violence to regulate sexuality. There were almost as many kinds of families as there were rock islands in the railsea — that, of course, Sham knew.
In Railsea , which is interesting in that it is largely marketed as a Young Adult YA book, the protagonist Shamus Yes ap Soorap — Sham — finds out about the death of two explorers, a married couple. In this context queer theory is taken further than simply providing and maintaining a critique. Following Foucault, Engel notes that it is essential to view power not only as repressive but also as productive in its influence on existing hierarchies, and moreover as dynamic and changeable Engel 5.
He also implicitly argues that in an ever-changing world of dynamic, performative and heterogeneous identities static, exclusive models are likely to fail, while dynamic models with a focus on communication have a better chance at long-term success. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press. London: Macmillan. Learn how your comment data is processed. New York: DC Comics. And by all accounts she welcomed his attentions and returned them, and she was his concubine.
This strategy calls for representations that cannot be easily classified, that indicate the constructed nature of meaning and truth, as well as the inherent power structures at work. Moreover, he takes care to show how in social practice these concepts are intertwined.
Antke Engel , who works in the field of gender studies and queer theory, points out that gender difference and heteronormativity are organised by two mechanisms of power, normalisation and hierarchisation. Communication and trust are among the most important factors in the establishment of these alternative, dynamic systems. Based on this observation, she suggests the strategies of queerversity and VerUneindeutigung Engel 1 to change hegemonic models of gender and sexuality and aim at an even distribution of power.
Engel 5. We stumbled off after a while and spent a night and a day trying to enjoy sex together, sleeping, trying again, several times, with good-humoured lack of success. Problems arise whenever power is consolidated as authority — with structural or institutionally legitimated hierarchies directing or blocking existing power dynamics — and whenever power relations are dominated by violence.
It cannot be reduced to a single meaning. New York: Arcade Publishing. Amin Maalouf In the Name of Identity: Violence and the Need to Belong. There were many disinclined to take the shape that their homes would rather they did. His writing is genre transcending, and it is always about levelling hierarchies and countering stigma and discrimination. New York and Toronto: Del Rey. Thus, the term 'queerversity' was coined by Engel and some of her colleagues to criticise concepts of diversity that ignore power relationships and the inherent potential of conflict.
The politics of sexual diversity should not take the form of listing various sexual identities, lifestyles, and relationships, but, rather, take all of these factors into consideration.
Pro familia Fachtagung "Sexuelle Kulturen — Sexuelle Bildung in Institutionen". Instead he problematises existent static, repressive norms — showing how characters are challenged, marginalised, or rendered invisible by them — and thus forces dynamic models of sexuality and desire into being within his narratives. According to Engel, social practices — and by extension literary representation — should aim at finding possibilities to express and perceive difference without categorisation Engel 7.
The term 'queerversity' was coined by Engel and some of her colleagues to criticise concepts of diversity that ignore power relationships and the inherent potential of conflict. They display their power equality and oneness to others by a growing map of scars that renders them a unit, a pair of mirror images. Binary constructs have a crucial function in these processes.
|42 Jahre Frau, Zentaur|
|Freunde: vecnysamotar, radarhead57, woodster1978|
|Eine nachricht schicken|